The verses are sung in Swiss German and the singer will show Helge (illustrations) to the current verse. It has specialties that you can't find anywhere else. The Fasnacht carnival in Basel is the only protestant carnival in the world and has been around since the 14th century. Most of these events also feature Schnitzelbanks or other satiric elements. The main Guggekonzert at Marktplatz draws thousands of spectators and is broadcast live by Telebasel, the local TV channel. In 2020, the carnival was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Basel’s carnival tradition dates back several centuries, with one of the earliest records of the “Böse Fasnacht” (a day of fatal clashes between the citizens and knights) dating back to 1376. It is an unwritten law that masked and/or costumed participants are not subject to confetti attacks. The two routes are sometimes referred to as the blue and the red route because of their colour representation on the route map. Basel locals call their carnival "liebe Frau Fasnacht" (dear Lady Fasnacht). The Basel Fasnacht is not only the biggest in Switzerland, but also one of the most crowded one of the world. The Carnival of Basel (Basler Fasnacht) is Switzerland’s largest carnival celebration. Traditional Waggislarve masked used at the Carnival of Basel, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://ich.unesco.org/en/RL/basel-carnival-01262, 50cm fresh-fallen snow (german) - Baslerstab Newspaper, 7/8 March 2006, Dossier "Die Basler Fasnacht" at altbasel.ch, Private picture gallery of the Morgenstraich and the Monday Cortège 2006, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carnival_of_Basel&oldid=978094270, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from September 2009, All articles needing additional references, Switzerland articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 21:23. Some of the so-called Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen are: The lantern piping (Ladärne yynepfyffe) takes place on the Sunday evening before Fasnacht. On the Saturday after Fasnacht, there are many masked balls, which are together known as the Kehrausball (or Kehruss in the local dialect). Basel Carnival Exhibition. In the years after the Second World War, many new cliques were established, the quality of piping and drumming rose to new levels, while the costumes and head-masks (Larve) took on their typical Basel touch. In the 19th century, the nature of Fasnacht began to change. The Basel Fasnacht or the Basel Carnival is is a premiere cultural event in the year that works as a landmark for this part of Switzerland. Review of Museum der Kulturen Basel. There are two major types of lanterns, the large Zugslaterne (parade lanterns) that are wheel-mounted or carried by 2 to 4 people in front of the Cliques; and the head-mounted Kopflaterne (head lanterns) that every participant wears. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified 2 external links on Carnival of Basel. Basel Carnival 2021. Although the Guggemusik groups do not participate on Morgestreich, they march and play throughout Fasnacht, starting with the Cortège on Monday, and are showcased on Tuesday night when they perform in Guggekoncerts in various locations. Henceforth the institution was called “Museum für Völkerkunde und Schweizerisches Museum für Volkskunde”. Never before has a Fasnacht been celebrated with more snow, and especially not fresh-fallen snow. It lasts for exactly 72 hours ending on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. During the Cortège, there are many trucks or tractors with decorated trailers. Conscription of guild members required to do military duty in the 16th century was closely connected to Carnival. From 4 am on Monday, many restaurants and bars in the old town open their doors and remain open for the following 72 hours. It takes three day from 23 to 25 February 2015. A masked participant (Fasnächtler in Swiss German) with a bag of confetti is shown in the photo. There are a number of events that occur before and after Fasnacht. The first pole-mounted lanterns appeared in 1845 when a ban on carrying open-flame torches was issued. First of all, the Carnival Basel is the latest and starts one week after Ash Wednesday. The Fasnacht badge – called a "Blaggedde" was introduced in 1911. Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter. During this time the Fasnächtler (the participants) dominate the old town of central Basel, running free in the streets and restaurants. The Waggis, a traditional carnival costume in Basel The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. Overview. Confetti is available in all possible colours, but never mixed. A brief history The origins of Basel's Fasnacht are rather obscure, partly because of the terrible earthquake in the year 1356 which destroyed large parts of the city and many official archives. Basler Fasnacht is often referred to as die drey scheenschte Dääg ("the three most beautiful days"). Carnival of Basel 2015 (Basler Fasnacht 2015).jpg 1,920 × 1,157; 2.29 MB Cortege.JPG 3,072 × 2,304; 855 KB Das festliche Jahr img102 Der Basler Morgenstreich.jpg 764 × 719; 323 KB History of Drums. It takes place annually between February and March, or specifically, the Monday after Ash Wednesday. The Children and Family Fasnacht is on Tuesday. It has been listed as one of the top fifty… The festival opens at 4 am in a grand ceremony called Morgenstraich (meaning in English, Morning Prank) and continues for 3 days. +41 61 268 68 68 The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. It is usually referred to as 'Basel Fasnacht', or just 'Fasnacht' in English, sometimes as Basel Carnival. Like the Cliques, they play music with piccolos and drums. Historians n… It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. [3] It took great effort to free the city from the snow and enable the Fasnacht to take place. Basel Carnival is the most popular and largest festival in Switzerland. One of the oldest formations are the Cliques, who march through the old town playing the piccolo and basler drum. By the evening, the routes of the Cortège are ankle-deep in confetti. It is said, that in order to differ from the Catholic customs, Fasnacht was scheduled one week later starting in 1529. {{purchaseLicenseLabel}} {{restrictedAssetLabel}} {{buyOptionLabel(option)}} You have view only access under this Premium Access agreement. In 2017, UNESCO added the Basel Fasnacht to its representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage, thus paying tribute to the rich tradition and singularity of this three-day event. All you need to know about the history and background to the "three best days". The common explanation is that after the Reformation in 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. Spectators, on the other hand, will be politely guided off the route by the Vortrab. In 1996 the house received its present name “Museum der Kulturen Basel”. Therefore, the 2002 Fasnacht lasted one minute longer than usual. In 2004, over 480 units were registered with the Fasnachts-Comité: 141 Cliques, organisations and groups, 141 floats and coaches, 61 Gugge music groups, 86 pipe and drums groups, and 55 individual masks and small groups. Nonetheless, Fasnacht went on until Thursday at 4:00 am. BASLER FASNACHT 2013 ,SWITZERLANDSWISS FASNACHTCARNIVAL OF SWITZERLANDcamera & edited by Johny Basel Contact your company to license this image. These Sujets are usually related to recent events and are highly satirical. Why does Basel celebrate Fasnacht? More traditional masks recall Napoleonic soldiers, harlequins (Harlekin) and the famous Waggis. No Guggenmusik is played during Morgestraich. More than that it’s a family affair where tradition collides with modern affairs in what is a fascinating spectacle to observe. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel.It has recently been listed as one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. Most of the people in the carriages, generally less rude than the Waggis, are dressed as old ladies and referred to as the Alti Tante (meaning "old aunt"), giving them a near-royal feeling. The Fasnacht Committee, founded in 1910, consists of ten to fifteen honorary members and is responsible for the organization of the “three best days of the year”. Basel Fasnächtlers dress head to toe in costumes to completely hide their identities. In that case, one Clique will stop and let the other Clique pass. The first large procession lantern was documented in 1860. The majority of these national holidays of Basel can be proud of their long history. The lanterns, most of them still wrapped up from delivery from their respective workshops, are brought to where the parade begins in the city centre. It provides services to the groups involved in Fasnacht and mediates between the interests of the Fasnacht, the general public, and the authorities. In addition, there were approximately 6,000 "wild" Fasnächtler (Schyssdräggzygli). TiffaF 10:55, 25 April 2013 (UTC) External links modified. Before Fasnacht starts, various events (Vorfasnachtsveranstaltungen) take place. A total of 185 parade lanterns were carried or pushed on mobile frames. A Clique usually consists of a Vortrab (vanguard), the Pfeifer (pipers), the Tambourmajor (drum major) and the Tambouren (drummers). It is requested, though not required, that visitors purchase a badge, so that the groups can continue to finance themselves. Liestal, a larger suburb, initiates the carnival with a spectacular parade of burning wood on the day before, called “Chienbäse”. The second, one week later at the old time, was known as the Bauernfasnacht (farmers' carnival). The Guggemusik groups march through the city centre, then stop to play four to five songs and then move on. Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage. Most Cliques also distribute Zeedel (flyers containing ironic verse). Feb 6, 2013 - Explore H Stevenson's board "Fasnacht" on Pinterest. These Sujets can be seen on lanterns during Morgenstreich and in the costumes worn by Clique members during the Cortège. At the Basel Carnival there are five major groups of participants. Later in the evening, the groups return to Basel in normal street clothes (no costumes or masks) and parade one last time through the inner city, particularly along the major street in the city, Freie Strasse. Afterwards, only this second carnival was celebrated in Basel. Another is that it is the world’s only Protestant carnival! Each Clique has a specific ritual for the farewell, most of which involve forming a circle with their lanterns and chanting a particular musical composition. Participants are fully concealed and must remain incognito while parading; it is considered inappropriate and a breach of protocol to identify oneself by removing the mask, other than during official breaks from the parade. In total, there were more than 12,000 Fasnächtler who took part in organised groups. Similar verses are also distributed by the various Cliques in flyers known as Zeedel. Historians note that the Catholic carnival date was rescheduled six days earlier in 1091 in the Council of Benevent, because the Sundays were excluded from the 40-day fasting period before Easter, making Ash Wednesday the first day of Lent. The history of Basel Fasnacht has been lost in the mist of time as all the relevant documents were destroyed during a devasting earthquake back in 1356. Like with most carnival customs, the roots of the Basel Fasnacht trace back to ancient Celtic and Germanic origins and practices relating to ancestor worship, fertility rites, and the expulsion of winter. 'Carnival of Basel' is stilted English. “Die drey scheenschte Dääg” (“the three most beautiful days”), is the nickname that the people of Basel give to their most beloved tradition, the Basel Fasnacht, or Basler Fasnacht to give it its correct German name. However, the festival is also celebrated in other Swiss cities, including Lucerne and Solothurn. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. On either one of the three Sundays directly following the Fasnacht (known as the Bummelsonntage, or "stroll Sundays"), all Cliques and Guggenmusik groups participate in the final act of the Fasnacht. Basel, Switzerland. Fasnacht Basel is the largest and most famous carnival in Switzerland. The Basler Fasnacht starts on the Monday after Ash Wednesday at precisely 4:00 am with the so-called Morgestraich ().The carnival lasts for exactly 72 hours and, therefore, ends on Thursday morning at 4:00 am. The saying goes: "He who doesn't have a badge harms the Fasnacht.". The rest of the year you can get a flavour of the “three best days”, as locals call them, along a special itinerary created by Basel Tourism. Drum History; Drum Facts; Drum Manufacture; Drums on Carnival of Basel Military elements were incorporated which still characterize Carnival in Basel to this day: the measured marching pace to the sound of drums and piccolos. The Schnitzelbank singer is a bard that sings satirical verses about current events in Basel or from around the world. See more ideas about Basel, Neuchatel, Carnival. The Carnival of Basel is often referred to as the only Protestant carnival in the world. At exactly 4 am all the lights in the old town of Basel are turned off, and the Industrielle Werke Basel (the Industrial Works of Basel are the public utility organisation of the city) shuts down the streetlights. If the people come from different Cliques, it is common to see groups with mixed costumes and masks. In 2002, the Industrielle Werke Basel (IWB) turned the streetlights off too early, at 3:59 am. This is our guide to the Basel Fasnacht including the full order of events over the three days of the carnival itself. Their arrival is accompanied by the pipers (still without costumes or masks), while the drummers leave their drums at home. The Carnival of Basel The Basler Fasnacht (Carnival of Basel) is the oldest Pentecostal festival held in the world. Basel Carnival includes unique lanterns, musical instruments, creative performances. Please take a … However, its history is lost in the mists of time as all the relevant documents were lost in the devastating earthquake of 1356. Originally, sweets in the form of small sugar balls known as confetti (an Italian name, similar to the English confectionery) were given away or thrown at the crowd during the parade. What makes it so impressive, according to UNESCO, is its unique blend of music, written and oral forms of expression, and artisanal outputs. The common explanation is that after the Reformationin 1520, Basel continued celebrating its Fasnacht, while the other regions officially stopped. Later it was also influenced by such events as medieval jousts, military musters organized by the city’s guilds, and religious festivals before Lent. from the drum majors, all Cliques begin to march and play the same march, the "Morgestraich", with their instruments. Unlike the Carnival celebrations held in other cities on the Rhine (such as those in Cologne, Mainz and Düsseldorf), the Basel Carnival features a clear and well-maintained separation between participants and the spectators who line the streets. The singers appear regularly in the restaurants and bars on Monday and Wednesday night and in the clique-cellars (local Clique meeting halls) on Tuesday. The oldest document about the Carnival in Basel dates back to 1376. There are no documents from this era supporting this theory, and the resolutions from 1529 were not quoted until 200 years later. It remains unclear exactly why Carnival starts one week later in Basel than elsewhere in Switzerland or Germany. It remains unclear exactly why Carnival starts one week later in Basel than elsewhere in Switzerland or Germany. Listening to the Gugge-musiken (fanfares), the city comes to life during 3 days starting from the Monday after Ash Wednesday (in February or March depending on the years). Important events that define the Carnival Basel. One is that the Basler Fasnacht is Switzerland’s biggest carnival. Blumenrain, Basel, Switzerland - March 12th, 2019. The Fasnacht Committee (Comité), established in 1910, was permitted to sell them in order to finance part of the Fasnacht costs. Many non-Clique individuals and small groups known as Schyssdräggziigli also wander through the streets. In these large trailers (Waage) are usually Waggis throwing oranges, sweets, flowers or other treats to (or at) the crowd. Members of the various Cliques wear costumes that fit a specific theme, except during Morgestreich and on Fasnacht Tuesday. The Comité also distributes Fasnacht badges (Blaggedde). On this time of a year all main streets and squares of the city turn into bright and lively markets. [1], Since 2017, the Carnival of Basel has been included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage.[2]. This was decided by the regional confetti manufacturers to prevent the once-common practice of reselling "used" confetti. The Fasnacht Carnival is the largest of its kind in Switzerland where the streets and alleys of Basel become a kaleidoscope of colour, music and celebration. After this practice was prohibited in the 19th century, small shards of paper were used as a replacement. Some Cliques have uniform Kopflaternen but traditionally during the Morgestraich, Clique members do not wear uniform costumes. The Morgestraich (in Basel dialect, Morgenstreich in High German) on Monday morning marks the beginning of the Carnival in Basel. The lantern exhibition is referred to as the largest open-air art exhibition of the world. The parades taking place on Monday and Wednesday afternoon are called Cortège and follow two defined ring routes: the inner ring runs clockwise, and the outer ring runs counterclockwise. Since 1901, the organisation of Fasnacht has been arranged by the Fasnachts-Comité, which acts as the official contact for all questions and concerns about Fasnacht. Martin Frutiger The Carnival of Basel ("Basler Fasnacht") is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. The Fasnächtler who participate in the parade generally toss confetti into the crowds, and hand out candy and other treats to the spectators. The traditional Cliques, which march while playing piccolos and Basler snare drums, retreat to the side streets. The Carnival of Basel (German: Basler Fasnacht) is the biggest carnival in Switzerland and takes place annually between February and March in Basel. Back then, the Fasnacht participants took to the alleys with burning torches. The income still serves to subsidize the cliques. Insider tips from Basel: top events, competitions and special offers. During the night before Morgestraich 2006, about 50 cm of snow fell within only a couple of hours and blocked the inner city of Basel. This is one of these museums with very diverse expositions: cultural objects from various peoples, modern and antique, common and strange looking. While there is no proof for this theory, the amount of confetti used during Basler Fasnacht is huge in comparison to other carnivals. Tradition – Carnival. Carnival beginnings. Most of the groups choose a Sujet (French: theme) for the Fasnacht. There, it is possible to sample traditional Basler carnival specialties, such as flour soup, Zwiebelkuchen and Käsewähe (a quiche-like baked dish). Similar to the Waage are the smaller carriages (Chaise / Schäse) with only 2–4 people giving away treats. The Waggis also shower bystanders with copious amounts of confetti. Carnival was established in Bern during the medieval period. According wiki, Carnival of Basel is one of the top fifty local festivities in Europe. The lantern farewell (Ladärne Verabschiide) is performed by the Cliques on the final evening of the Fasnacht, normally starting at 4:00 am on Thursday but sometimes earlier. Credit: swiss.photos/Alamy Live News One of the most famous festivals is the Carnival of Basel (the Lenten Carnival), which is celebrated by the locals during the first seven days of Lent. The parades became more political and gradually adopted their typical satirical bent. New traditions and rituals sprang up which are still celebrated today as if they had existed already for centuries. There are two reasons why anyone visiting Basel in February ought to witness the spectacle of Carnival. Even so, Basel's sanitation department succeeds in clearing away this mess within two hours during the night, so, by the following morning, there is little evidence of the previous day's events. The carnival takes place in Basel, Switzerland kicking off on Monday after Ash Wednesday at approximately 4:00 am. All lanterns are on display from Monday evening until Wednesday morning on the Münsterplatz (the square in front of the Basel Münster) and are lit in the evenings. 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