Your California Privacy Rights / Privacy Policy. When Alabama was being settled in the early 1800s our first settlers were diverse in their origins. They realized the importance of water and the abundant fishing for their sustenance besides the natural advantage offered by these waters. The Black Belters from South Alabama were for creating a confederacy of southern states to protect their slave ownership and way of life. Early Settlers of Baldwin County, AL. It became and important American port. The vote was extremely close. This area is known as the Black Belt. 2. The Alabama first encountered Europeans when Hernando de Soto arrived in 1540. I knew the early settlers well, and of them I design to write; those who were here fifty or sixty years ago, or more. 3. Cedar Creek Furnace, the state's first blast furnace and commerical pig-iron producer, established in present-day Franklin County. The river basins also offered the most fertile soil for cultivation. Members of the Cole family were some of the very earliest settlers in Covington County. The French had to swear allegiance to the English king if they wanted to stay. The obvious political cleavage between North and South Alabama was stark and measured. French Establish First Settlement ... and in the 1920s the Alabama State Docks were conceived and realized as a means of providing and maintaining adequate port facilities. Lawrence County - Its Organization, Topography, and Soil. In 1702 the French founded the first permanent European settlement in Alabama, at Fort Louis, north of present-day Mobile. I pulled the book off the shelf in my home library, “History of Alabama,” by Albert James Pickett, written in 1851, where I found descriptive early history information I longed to read about and some things I found very disturbing to even think about as it related to the settlers and the Indians – tales of bloody massacres, savagery, butchery, barbarity, hostility and horrible … Transcribed for GT by Debra Hudson and Jo Chavers, Recollection of The Early Settlers of Alabama, Lawrence County - Its Organization, Topography, and Soil, Style of Dress, and Type of Love in the Early Times, Rev. A few were from Georgia, Kentucky and Alabama. The first grist and saw mills in the county were built around 1818. The folks in North Alabama did not own slaves and they figured they did not have a dog in that fight. They included the Keaheys, McGills, McCalls, McLains, McDonald, and McEachins, who had purchased land by 1836. Publication date 1899 Topics Frontier and pioneer life ... Be the first one to write a review. In general, during the period of 300 or so years between the Spanish Expeditions of Navarez and DeSoto and the great migration of white settlers into the area in the early 1800s, Alabama’s more predominant Indian tribes, groups or nations were Circuit Judges of Lawrence County. Appalachia (/ ˌ æ p ə ˈ l eɪ tʃ ə,-l eɪ ʃ ə,-l æ tʃ ə /) is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York State to northern Alabama and Georgia. In contrast, the people who settled North Alabama were small farmers who migrated to the Tennessee Valley of North Alabama from North Carolina or simply moved down from the hill country of Tennessee. Land laws were passed to provide legal title to land for settlers who already lived on the land. Evergreen, 1943 Early settlers used the Sepulga River to float the bales of cotton and bushels of corn that grew in abundance in the county. But when Jackson County’s first settlers arrived, the people who had inhabited the region for centuries before … The early settlers of Northen Dale County were the founders of present day Arguta (pronounced Are-goo-taa!) Style of Dress, and Type of Love in the Early Times. 40,441 Views . Though less tractable than the Choctaws, they were more hospitable than the Chickasaws, less turbulent than the Muscogees, and more civilized than either. They named the region as La Florida, which extended to the southeast peninsular state now bearing the name. There were exceptions and the movement of some tribes over time resulted in some confusion over exact location. The vote fell along regional lines. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris, but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the US and Spain after the American Revolution. ©Genealogy Trails The first white settlers of Alabama were English. 1710–1763:The Alabama area was governed by France. Our river regions were the most desirable lands. Many moved away. Settlers were sent many parts of the country and eventually they came to Alabama. Isaac N. Owen. Early settlers of Alabama by Saunders, James Edmonds, 1806-1896; Stubbs, Elizabeth Saunders Blair. With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, along with the Emancipation Proclamation abolishing slavery, the crucible decision of secession arose. They intermarried with the Indians and quickly adopted many of the ways of the Indians for the sake of survival as well as for a better way of life. Many things in Alabama still remind us of the French. U.S., Bureau of Land Management Tract Books, 1820-1908Images only. These folks were not interested in being cotton farmers anyway. Leave a Comment / Baldwin County / By Dennis Partridge. The State of Society. They were fiercely independent and very religious. This region of our state is called the Black Belt because of the rich, black, luminous soil found there. Recollection of The Early Settlers of Alabama. The British had also made a number of trips to the region from the Carolinas, but the French settlements—part of a string of forts arcing southward from Canada and designed to contain the British—were more numerous. Early missionaries were ministers, teachers, doctors, nurses, and friends, and their total impact was beyond measure. Therefore, when the winds of division between the North and South began to blow in the 1850's an obvious political difference between North and South Alabama arose. In 1800 there were only 14 slave owners in Winston County. The Spanish were the first Europeans to enter Alabama, claiming land for their Crown. Alabama was the first state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836. A secession convention was held on January 7, 1861 in Montgomery. We call them Native Americans these days. The began a settlement at Mobile in 1725. Some settlers claimed land by British or Spanish land grants, and others were squatters who claimed land by right of pre-emption. They had numerous wars with the Carolinians and white settlers of Tennessee, but were usually at peace with other tribes. They were yeomen hill farmers who were happy to have 40 acres and a mule. Read about: A Russian princess settling in early Alabama; How the early settlers traveled to Alabama … The vote was 54 to secede and 46 against secession. Timber was cut and transported on keelboats downriver for sale at Pensacola. He may be reached at www.steveflowers.us. Thus, they basically ignored the Civil War the best they could. Contrary to what most present day Alabamians think, it was not an easy unified decision that we should leave the Union. Benjamin Hawkins and the Creek Indians Alabama's Native American residents, predominantly members of the Creek, Cherokee, and Choctaw nations, played a central role during the state's territorial period as conflicts between Indians and white settlers during the early 1800s paved the way for the creation of the state of Alabama. All rights reserved. Sale. Long, long before the current residents of Auburn, long before their ancestors who worked the canal and railroads, even before the first "settlers" migrated into the fertile lands of Pennsylvania, the original inhabitants of the Auburn area were the Native Americans (often commonly but inaccurately referred to as "Indians"). The land they settled on was not conducive to growing cotton. The French and English fought over land. The Alibamu and Koasati tribes … Starting in 1804, U. S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. It was shortly after the secession convention that the majority of the good citizens of the northwest Alabama county of Winston met at Looney's Tavern to determine their course of action regarding the advent of the war between the North and the South. The hill farmers from North Alabama preferred to wait and see what their cousins from Tennessee were going to do because they had more in common with them. This rich black soil is perfect for growing cotton. The Cherokee Indians. In the 1700's, Europeans began to move to Alabama to farm the land. While Jewish traders are known to have been active in Alabama as early as 1757, and a number of Jews lived in Mobile in the 1760s under British rule, it was not until the 1820s that the first permanent Alabama Jewish community was established in Mobile. © 2021 www.montgomeryadvertiser.com. DOWNLOAD OPTIONS download 1 file . These North Alabamians voted against secession from the Union at this time. They were well heeled slave owners and became the cotton growing plantation owners of the Black Belt. After marriage, my first home was in Moulton, the county seat. The Moulton Merchants. There were monuments of occupation, which seemed to have existed for a long time, in mounds and fortifications. Therefore, the people who settled in the Black Belt were primarily planters from Virginia and Georgia. Alabama Footprints: Settlement is a collection of lost and forgotten stories of the first surveyors, traders, and early settlements of what would become the future state of Alabama. areas of the state. In 1711, the fort was destroyed by a flood and the location was moved to the current site of Mobile, Alabama. 13 Favorites . In their minds they never left the Union and remained free and independent from Alabama and the War Between the States. The Cherokees had no affinity with the neighboring tribes, and spoke a more liquid language than what Gallatin chooses to term the Muscogee-Chocta. These were people who went west before the Treaty of 1835. They did not need slaves like their neighbors to the south. I then moved to the Courtland Valley, and have spent many summers at the Chalybeate Springs, on the mountain (where I had a home). Abram (Abraham) Mordecai, a Pennsylvania-born Jew who had settled in central Alabama by 1785 and established the state’s first cotton gin near Montgomery, was made a key character in Albert James Pickett’s History o… Many early settlers to Alabama were trying to get away from the Revolutionary War April 18, 2018 September 13, 2019 by Donna R Causey The first wave of migration to the Alabama area began in the Mississippi Territory around 1798. The legend of Winston County is that on July 4, 1861 at their meeting at Looney's Tavern the good people of Winston County decided to secede from Alabama and remain in the Union. document.write(cy). Settlement and Growth. When the territory was opened up for colonization, settlers, both old and young, flocked into the area, mostly from South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia. The Tuskegee Airmen, the first African-American flying unit in the U.S. military, were trained in Alabama. Noah B. Cole was married in the Sparta community of Conecuh County, Ala., in 1819. The people who settled the Black Belt were looking for new cotton lands. Janurary 19: The first legislature of the Alabama Territory convenes at the Douglass Hotel in the territorial capital of St. Stephens. There were 100 delegates. They had burned up their soil in the east coast of Virginia by planting the cash crop cotton continuously year after year. His brother, Thomas Delorum Cole, was married a few years earlier circa 1814 […] Eventually, the English won. If they were white they were requested to give which state they were born in. The soil they found in the Black Belt was much better than their worn out soil in the tidelands. … Among these river basins is a swath of land across the middle of the state that extends from Georgia to Mississippi. At the period of their removal to the We… Early Settlers The first European settlement, Fort Louis, was established by the French in 1702. Thomas A. Bennett, the Magician. 1896 PAYMENT ROLL (West) – This roll is a record of payment to those whose names appeared on the 1851 Old Settlers list. On "Watkins' Island " at the head of the Muscle Shoals - there are a half dozen of them - and on the upper end several acres are covered with shells, as if the natives had occupied it for many ages. When Alabama was being settled in the early 1800s our first settlers were diverse in their origins. John B. THOMAS B. TUNSTALL died in this county, Aug. 13, 1842, at the age of 54 years. 1. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. By the 1850s, 3,000 bales were shipped annually to Pensacola. Judges of the County Court. He was a native of Pittsylvania county, Virginia, but resided for many years in this county and in Madison. The people who became the first permanent white settlers of north Alabama was the Celts. They also usurped and wielded inordinate power in state political affairs for the next century, despite the fact that they were a distinct minority population wise. 1702:The first permanent settlement, Fort Louis de la Mobile, was founded by the French north of the present site of Mobile. Indeed this is where the Indians lived. The Alabama, the area's first steamboat, constructed in St. Stephens. HOME Our river regions were the most desirable lands. These yeomen farmers of the hills were obviously reluctant to leave the Union for the cause of the planter and his slaves. 1711:Mobile was the capital of the Louisiana Territor… 19. The following important events in the history of Alabamaaffected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping. The first Presbyterian mission was established on the Alabama-Coushatta reservation in Polk County in 1881, and since that time the church has played a major role in the lives of these Indians. However, there were exceptions and some degree of tribal movement over time. It was hilly and less fertile. The tribes of Indians living in Alabama inhabited specific and identifiable areas of the state. That is why they are known in Alabama political history and folklore as the "Free State of Winston.". Steve Flowers served 16 years in the state Legislature. (See here for other de Soto contactees) In the 18th century, the French arrived on the Gulf Coast and built a fort at what became Mobile, Alabama. English, French, and Spanish settlers and settlers from South Carolina and Georgia established trading posts. During the period of 300 or so years between the Spanish Expeditions of Navarez and DeSoto and the arrival of white settlers into the area in the early 1800s, Alabama’s more … These settlers were well educated and many had been leaders in their governments in those states. Two brothers, natives of South Carolina, arrived in the area circa 1815. Strain, Lindseys, and Speaks, Battle of North Anna, 2nd Battle of Cold Harbor, The Seige of Richmond, The Ninth Alabama - Fate of the Lawrence Volunteers, Courtland Mechanics, Mr. Kouck, James Mudd, Robert Williamson, The James Family, Daniel Wade, Leonard Sims, The Puryears, Thomas Dunnevant, Jane Watkins, Robert Watkins, John Watkins. 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