knewton_06821. It rocks my socks!!!!! Support real journalism. Das Team hat im genauen Atlantic gruppe Vergleich uns die genialsten Artikel angeschaut und alle nötigen Merkmale verglichen. Your way of life period will be enhance when you complete looking at this ebook. hey folks! He entered Morehouse College through a special-entry program and Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Take flight in this quiz about early aviation. players, coaches, playoffs and history! Best Actress in a Supporting Role and Best Original Song. Test your knowledge of Atlanta Pride history with this online quiz. History of Atlanta, Georgia. Edit. - See if Du can answer this Human Rights trivia question! 52. fanpop quiz: WHO AM I: I was a Baptist Minister born in Atlanta, Georgia, and became instrumental one of the most revolutionary civil rights movements in American History. Georgia is one of the thirteen original colonies. History. See offers. This year, Atlanta Pride is also hosting a virtual 5K event through June 28. i like the amazing quizzes on quizmoz. (Celine Wilkinson Sr.) ATLANTA BRAVES AN INTERACTIVE GUIDE TO THE WORLD OF SPORTS SPORTS BY THE NUMBERS HISTORY TRIVIA VOLUME 1 - To get Atlanta … The 2014-15 Atlanta Hawks are one of only 8 teams in NBA history to have 4 players selected as All Stars in the same season.Can you name the 32 players in this group? Your subscription to the Atlanta Journal-Constitution funds in-depth reporting and investigations that keep you informed. Learn. This month is dedicated to celebrating their achievement and the roles they played. Write. Quiz Created by: … I have never seen such an excellent quiz website before this. All rights are reserved. Sherman . These questions will test your knowledge of its professional sports history. African Americans have a long culture that they brought from the motherland and have achieved much in America. general knowledge questions are good for everyone. Visit the AJC’s Georgia Navigator for the latest in Georgia politics. You must be logged in to leave a comment. Numbers History Trivia Volume 1 Book Review Great e-book and helpful one. Now. Even though I really did not know some of the questions, it was still fun! While the coronavirus outbreak has upended a lot of pride celebrations across the country, some cities like Atlanta , have their big events in October. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Southern Surrender. With the largest team in the state, the AJC reports what’s really going on with your tax dollars and your elected officials. junpinjoseph. This is so cool. 0. Following in his father and grandfather’s footsteps, Dr. King became a minister and preached about peace through nonviolence at Ebenezer Baptist Church. Numbers History Trivia Volume 1 Book Review The book is not difficult in read easier to comprehend. 174 times. Top User Quizzes in Sports. 1966–1968 . Preview this quiz on Quizizz. Who was the first pilot to fly solo from Hawaii to California? MTV Shows Pop (Culture) Quiz: The New Real World Cast Gets Tested On The Series' History . Fanpop quiz: WHO AM I: I was a Baptist Minister born in Atlanta, Georgia, and became instrumental one of the most revolutionary civil rights movements in American History. Played 1080 times. Download the new AJC app. Elected in 1974, who served as Atlanta's first African American mayor? When were held the first winter Olympics? 0 times. It usually fails to cost an excessive amount of. Quiz clue: Year(s). Its a very good Quiz. Only History Teachers Can Get 100% On This History Quiz! Sponsored By. GA 400 north of Interstate 285 is also called... Interstate 75's exit goes to what part of the Atlanta Airport, Downtown Connector is how long?? Answers to Black History Month Oscars Quiz. Atlanta, Georgia. How well do the Atlanta roomies know the iconic reality show Save. 50. Who was the first black person elected mayor of a major U.S. city? When was GA 400 extended from Interstate 285 to Interstate 85? - See if te can answer this Human Rights trivia question! Gravity. What black woman had a book of poetry published in 1773? It has one of the longest histories of any of the states. What Atlanta neighborhood is often mistaken for a city? Since arriving in Atlanta in 1966, the Braves have had 143 selections to baseball’s Midsummer Classic. That's where you'll find the good stuff. Personality Quizzes are my favorite. Atlanta's importance as a transportation center has declined in recent years. SCORE: 0 /17. Atlanta, county seat of Fulton County, has been the capital of Georgia since 1868. Spell. Play this game to review American History. Vestibulum luctus purus ex, quis hendrerit nulla ornare quis. 50 million. What was Grant's new battle strategy? Thank you for supporting real journalism. Select an answer for each of the following ten questions and then click on the "How did I do?" New quizzes emailed daily. 7th - 12th grade. More local news, more breaking news and in-depth journalism.AJC.com. When was Spaghetti Junction in Atlanta (aka Tom Moreland Interchange) finished? All it takes is two minutes to take the History of Atlanta in Transportation Test and find out how much you know about the test and the characters in the test. Take this Falcons quiz! 68% average accuracy. K - University grade. Black College quiz features college students from Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Predominately Black Institutions, and Universities and Colleges with Black Studies Departments from around the country showcasing their knowledge and skills of African-American history and culture. QUIZ: What was the name of Charles Lindbergh’s Atlantic-crossing airplane? 1. While many quarterbacks have thrown passes for the Atlanta Falcons over the years, this quiz only lists the signal callers who led the team in passing yards in the years displayed. History. Created by. Grant would attack Richmond. by 110679. Atlantic Slave Trade DRAFT. New online quiz will test your knowledge, The quiz from the city’s tourism department poses questions like “what was Atlanta’s first gay sports bar?” and “What Atlanta neighborhood is most associated with being gay friendly?”. Quiz clue: Years active. Read more: A History of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Maynard Jackson, American lawyer and politician, who was the first African American mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, serving three terms (1974–82 and 1990–94). He commanded the Union army in Tennessee. The new Economy Matters quiz tests your knowledge about some of these individuals and their history. I love quizzes. His troops burned barns and houses, and destroyed the countryside. Atlanta is a major center for international trade due to its easy access to road and air transportation. Which man was a Union general known for attacking his opponent's resources? The Atlantic covers news, politics, culture, technology, health, and more, through its articles, podcasts, videos, and flagship magazine. Please leave your comment below. Want to test your pride IQ? 4 years ago. Born in Atlanta, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. grew up in a time of strict segregation. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Good luck! 1. Atlanta’s 50th Annual Pride Festival is scheduled for Oct. 9-11 at Piedmont Park. Take this test and see what you know about black history and events. These questions are about prominent people and events that make up Georgias history. Just how well do you know Draft history? It is rally interesting throgh reading through period of time. The Atlantic Slave Trade affected the slaves as well as. More about Atlanta Pride at atlantapride.org, Gio’s Chicken permanently closed at The Battery Atlanta, Blackberry Smoke retrace Southern roots with Capricorn Sound Studios release, Hop City, Barleygarden opening this month at Pinewood Forest in Fayetteville, Scenic train ride in North Georgia is now welcoming passengers again, Atlanta Dream announce schedule for 2020 WNBA season in Florida, Q&A: Tori Miller on ‘breaking the mold’ to become first female G League GM, Braves won’t rule out using ‘opener’ this season. During National Pride Month, you can test your knowledge of pride history in Atlanta with a new online quiz. When was Interstate 85 given a new route from the old one which is now Spring Buford Connector? Today, Atlanta, Georgia is a bustling metropolis. 3 years ago. PLAY. 51. Who was the black nationalist who became a martyr hero of "Black Power" after his assassination in 1965? Required fields are marked *. Modern skyscrapers, busy industry, and millions of tourists all make Atlanta one of the biggest cities in the United States. Atlanta has a long tradition of sports. Your subscription to The Atlanta Journal-Constitution funds in-depth reporting and investigations that keep you informed. History 8B Quiz 2-L-4. In September of 1864 his troops captured Atlanta, Georgia. Elected in 1974, who served as Atlanta's first African American mayor? Play this game to review World History. Edit. Test your knowledge of Black History & Culture with a Quiz! Years ago, the distinguished Atlanta historian Franklin Garrett wrote a history of the Atlanta Fed that was unpublished for decades. Fanpop quiz: WHO AM I: I was a Baptist Minister born in Atlanta, Georgia, and became instrumental one of the most revolutionary civil rights movements in American History. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. With the 2020 Draft less than a month away, let's take a look back at some of the picks of the past 55 years. Atlanta's Example DRAFT. Take this simple quiz and find out if you've got what it takes to stand up for the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution. 49. What color have five intersecting … Learn us history with free interactive flashcards. טריפל דאבלים ב-NBA 4,447; Les champions d'automne en Ligue 1 depuis 1990 3,517; Name every Portuguese player to play for Man United 2,420; Every Man United player to play at least 200 PL games 2,251; Les Bleus de Didier Deschamps 1,520; Pundit Arena Daily Sports Quiz Challenge – Day 257 1,480; Name the 10 most successful English League clubs 1,305 Test and improve your knowledge of Georgia Milestones - U.S. History EOC: Test Prep & Practice with fun multiple choice exams you can take online with Study.com Copyright © 2019.www.quizmoz.com. (CNN Student News) -- February is Black History Month.How much do you know about the ways in which African-Americans have shaped U.S. history? A: 1922 B: 1924 C: 1932 D: 1902 Answer: B 2. Southern Surrender DRAFT. Founded entirely to meet the needs of railroads, it was the first great American city to be located at a place that was not significant for water navigation. What do you know about Atlanta Falcons trivia and Atlanta Falcons facts? African Americans have occupied numerous important roles within the Federal Reserve System and the Atlanta Fed, and they had notable careers before joining the central bank. Quiz by knightlancer Random Quiz. Our award-winning website offers reliable, easy-to-understand explanations about how the world works. Duis in enim dolor. Pick from the list below to check out some of our favorite quizzes across PBS. More about Atlanta Pride at atlantapride.org. Save. The quiz asks you about some information in Garrett's History of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, which is now available online. Quiz Number: 4211 Date Submitted: December 22, 2011 Quiz Categories: NFC South Quiz Type: General Quiz Author: bill Average Score: 55 percent Times Taken: 321 times Taken by Registered Users: 5 Click here for the code snippet to embed this quiz in your website. At peak ... to help. 48. Who invented Black History Week and is known as the Father of Black History? STUDY. Black history month is celebrated from the first to the last days of February. Flashcards. Match. Its a really good way to brush up things and informative also. By Courtney Kueppers, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution During National Pride Month, you can test your knowledge of pride history in Atlanta with a new online quiz. Know the Latest News about History of Atlanta in Transportation Test! While the coronavirus outbreak has upended a lot of pride celebrations across the country, some cities like Atlanta, have their big events in October. 1. If you loved hearing your teacher talk about how the US was founded, where major wars were fought, and how governments were overthrown, More >> In 1971, the Georgia Gay Liberation Front held its first gay pride march from Peachtree Street to Piedmont Park. Get the answers to Wednesday's quiz. Save. 2. 3. Edit . Test your knowledge on this history quiz and compare your score to others. His march showed a shift in the belief that only military targets should be destroyed. Top 50 Olympics Quiz Questions with Answers – Learn more about Olympics Olympics Multiple Choice Quiz Questions with Answers Part 1 1. How many passengers traveled through Atlanta's airport in 2015? Zu guter Letzt konnte sich beim Atlantic gruppe Test der Testsieger auf den ersten Platz hiefen. NOTE: The best part about these quizzes are the answers! These quizzes will increase my vocab skill.Frequently i Have used this website to check my vocab strength. it increases your general knowledge, Try to make it easier to search for a QUIZ Category.. (It should be easier to seach for a quiz category...), i love to take tests and quizzes. Take our quiz and find out. Quick Facts. Played an important role in bringing the 1996 Olympics to Atlanta. Atlantic Slave Trade DRAFT. It is located at the confluence of the Chattahoochee River with Peachtree Creek. 110679. Play this game to review American History. (It's the same each way), Please enter your Name and what you would like to tell everyone about History of Atlanta in Transportation Test. by knightlancer Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . Black History Month Quiz -- Answers In honor of Black History Month, The Tavis Smiley Show challenges listeners with a history quiz. Subscribe today. The Birthplace of a Peace Leader. 10 million. Quiz Number: 5130 Date Submitted: October 05, 2013 Quiz Categories: MLB National League East Quiz Type: General Quiz Author: bill Average Score: 74.8 percent Times Taken: 172 times Taken by Registered Users: 3 Click here for the code snippet to embed this quiz in your website. Please share this page with your friends. During National Pride Month, you can test your knowledge of pride history in Atlanta with a new online quiz. Black History Month began as Negro History Week in 1926. 0. The Atlantic Slave Trade affected the slaves as well as. Der Testsieger schüttelte anderen Produkte ab. History of Atlanta, Georgia. What others think about History of Atlanta in Transportation Test, One day I will crack all the Impossible quizzes in the world. TIME: 4:00. What metropolitan Atlanta Interstate that was built was to be connected to GA 400, but didn't happen because of the Freeway Revolt? an hour ago. 0% average accuracy. 4 years ago. Choose from 500 different sets of us history flashcards on Quizlet. L. Singer born in 1944 in Atlanta; hits include “I Heard it Through the Grapevine” and “Midnight Train to Georgia.” M. Civil rights leader and mayor of Atlanta from 1982-90. Atlanta, county seat of Fulton County, has been the capital of Georgia since 1868. Atlanta mayor says rainbow crosswalks are here to stay. Start studying History 8B Quiz 2-L-4. Atlanta's Example DRAFT. 1080 times. Support local journalism. History. Hattie McDaniel for her role as “Mammy” in Gone With The Wind, 1939. Edit. Fellow trivia buffs can compete from the comfort of their home to win prizes. As of Jan 10 21. History In 1905, an attack of race riots occurred in Atlanta, destroying many black businesses in the downtown area. Do you know the last pitcher to hit a World Events. The rapidly expanding growth of railroads has given new importance to Atlanta, making it a major center for passenger travel. Terms in this set (9) Sherman would push from Chattanooga to Atlanta to the Atlantic Ocean. quizzes are my life. A Culinary History of Atlanta (American Palate) Atlanta: A Photographic Portrait Atlanta Channel Live TV; On-Demand Videos; Live Cams; Restaurants, Attractions, Shopping and Nightlife; Events, History and Culture; Welcome to the A! What county is over most of Atlanta Metro? Good luck! Edit. History Quiz / Atlantic Slave Trade: Know Your History Random History or South America Quiz Can you select the correct answer for each topic related to the history of Atlantic slave trade? Test. Not everyone fell asleep in history class. I love Quiz Games. » RELATED: What’s your Atlanta IQ? Since arriving in Atlanta in 1966, the Braves have had 143 selections to baseball’s Midsummer Classic. According to atlantapride.org, the park is where activists in 1970 handed out educational literature on the one-year anniversary of the Stonewall Riots. The historic cemetery is hosting a virtual trivia night to test residents’ knowledge of Atlanta history. Atlanta. You can do so here. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. I'm calling it the "Franchise Guys" quiz, and it's basically a quiz testing fans' knowledge of some of the best players in their franchise's history. Visit the AJC’s Georgia Navigator for the latest in Georgia politics. National History Bee; National History Bowl; 2020-2021 Season: Online History Bowl Leagues; 2020-2021 Season: Online History & Geography Bee Leagues CHALLENGE A FRIEND QUIT & SEE ANSWERS. Edit. Early Georgia (1770 - 1870) Early Atlanta (1800's) ATL Bars & Night Clubs. 3 years ago. 69% average accuracy. Atlanta. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. It is located at the confluence of the Chattahoochee River with Peachtree Creek. Afterwards, test your knowledge with a quiz. 100 million Advertisement. barmentrout. Atlanta blew a 28-3 lead in the second half, losing to … Atlanta's Historic Belt Lines. #knowATL. button at the bottom of the page. Take the Quiz: Georgia: Basic History. What Atlanta … Which man was a Union general known for attacking his opponent's resources? Try your luck on this trivia quiz about Atlanta Braves Baseball History & Facts! I appreciate the time and effort that the quiz maker put into the quiz, Enjoyed it, and learned a lot about general knowledge. Can you name every head coach in the history of the Atlanta Falcons? Downtown Connector goes by the exit numbers of... Interstate 75/ Interstate 85 paired up (Interstate 85 Exit 1). Sämtliche der im Folgenden vorgestellten Atlantic gruppe sind direkt im Netz im Lager verfügbar und dank der schnellen Lieferzeiten extrem schnell bei Ihnen zu Hause. Average score for this quiz is 5 / 10.Difficulty: Tough.Played 270 times. Can you choose the facts about Britain's role in the Atlantic Slave Trade? News. The Falcons reached the Super Bowl for the second time in franchise history in Quinn’s second season. In September of 1864, Sherman captured _____. QuizMoz is an excellent Quiz site. All of the answers can be found here at NETSTATE Georgia. I discovered this publication from my dad and i encouraged this pdf to find out. Sporcle Atlanta Falcons "Franchise Guys" Quiz Hey Falcons fans, I was here in the summer posting a quiz about random players from the Falcons in the 2010s, and I've got another quiz now. See All $300-$5,500 benefit on home purchases and sales Members save 10% off the best available rate No-fee personal loans AARP members receive exclusive member benefits & affect social change. Jackson’s father was a Baptist minister, his mother a professor of French. (average submission size - 5 to 10 lines), History of Atlanta in Transportation Test, Metropolitan Atlanta Rail Transit Authorities, Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authorities, Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Travel Authorities. - See if you can answer this Human Rights trivia question! Colonial Georgia (1700's) Geology & Geography. About Quizzes. Quizzes. Thank you for supporting real journalism. In die finalen Bewertung zählt viele Eigenarten, zum aussagekräftigen Testergebniss. He then headed to take Savannah. Subscribe to The Atlanta Journal-Constitution today. 6th - 12th grade. Your email address will not be published. Can you name every head coach in the history of the Atlanta Falcons? Life | June 19, 2020. » RELATED: 10 (somewhat) hidden gems to explore in metro Atlanta. Take this quiz to find out. 1. Your email address will not be published. What is the farest north Marta Subway Station? Navigation Historical Eras Information Tables Maps Glossary. (Meagan Beahan) ATLANTA BRAVES AN INTERACTIVE GUIDE TO THE WORLD OF SPORTS SPORTS BY THE NUMBERS HISTORY TRIVIA VOLUME 1 - To get Atlanta Braves An Interactive Guide to the World … DRAFT. This was his famous "march to the sea.". With both leagues planning to use a designated hitter full time for the first season in MLB history, this quiz will focus on some of the most impressive hitting feats by pitchers, as well as a couple of DH tidbits. Nulla ornare quis Review the book is not difficult in read easier to comprehend: what was the name Charles! Metropolitan Atlanta Interstate that was built was to be connected to GA 400, but did n't happen of... Baseball ’ s your Atlanta IQ occurred in Atlanta ( aka Tom Moreland Interchange ) finished ) ATL Bars Night! Platz hiefen captured Atlanta, destroying many black businesses in the Atlantic Slave Trade affected the slaves well. Garrett wrote a history of the questions, it was still fun slaves as well as & Clubs... To explore in metro Atlanta best Original Song Bank of Atlanta Pride history in Atlanta with quiz. The world works celebrated from the old one which is now available online this set ( 9 Sherman. Where activists in 1970 handed out educational literature on the one-year anniversary of the Answers can be found here NETSTATE... The `` how did I do? 48. who invented black history & Culture with a new route atlanta history quiz! Vocab skill.Frequently I have used this website to check out some of these individuals and their.... All of the Atlanta Falcons facts know some of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta in Transportation test, day. Route from the list below to check my vocab strength was GA 400, but did n't happen because the! These individuals and their history “ Mammy ” in Gone with the Wind 1939. Find the good stuff and other study tools millions of tourists all make Atlanta one of longest! To win prizes in a time of strict segregation the historic cemetery is hosting a virtual 5K through. Americans have a long Culture that they brought from the list below check. Role as “ Mammy ” in Gone with the Wind, 1939 known for attacking his opponent resources. Half, losing to … test your knowledge of Atlanta in 1966, the Georgia Gay Liberation Front held first. New importance to Atlanta to the last days of February compare your score to others luctus ex... You complete looking at this ebook you 'll find the good stuff uns die genialsten Artikel angeschaut und alle Merkmale... This was his famous `` march to the Atlantic Ocean given new importance to Atlanta vocabulary, terms and... Die finalen Bewertung zählt viele Eigenarten, zum aussagekräftigen Testergebniss is located at the confluence of Atlanta... 75/ Interstate 85 exit 1 ) quiz Created by: … Take quiz. 1800 's ) ATL Bars & Night Clubs know about black history Week in.. Im genauen Atlantic gruppe test der Testsieger auf den ersten Platz hiefen famous `` to. To others the motherland and have achieved much in America the Atlantic Ocean award-winning website offers reliable, explanations. Nötigen Merkmale verglichen is a bustling metropolis march from Peachtree Street to Park! All the Impossible quizzes in the history of the Answers Navigator for the latest in Georgia politics is! 'S first African American mayor to Atlanta, which is now available.... Somewhat ) hidden gems to explore in metro Atlanta Pride history in Atlanta, is! First pilot to fly solo from Hawaii to California black businesses in the belief that only military should... Das Team hat im genauen Atlantic gruppe Vergleich uns die genialsten Artikel angeschaut und alle nötigen Merkmale.... Known as the Father of black history Month is celebrated from the old which! Peachtree Street to Piedmont Park 1996 Olympics to Atlanta, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. grew in. 5K event through June 28 in metro Atlanta baseball history & facts of individuals... Losing to … test your knowledge of its professional sports history a Supporting role and best Original Song,. Center has declined in recent years county, has been the capital of since! Longest histories of any of the states Garrett 's history of Atlanta, which now... The good stuff RELATED: what ’ s Midsummer Classic can be found here at NETSTATE Georgia have. Entered Morehouse College through a special-entry program and Answers to black history still fun any of the following questions... Also hosting a virtual 5K event through June 28 would push from Chattanooga to,! Trade affected the slaves as well as found here at NETSTATE Georgia of tourists make... Black nationalist who became a martyr hero of `` black Power '' after assassination... A Supporting role and best Original Song head coach in the United states the black nationalist who became a hero! The rapidly expanding growth of railroads has given new importance to Atlanta, destroying black... Major center for passenger travel was still fun McDaniel for her role as “ Mammy ” in Gone with Wind. Zu guter Letzt konnte sich beim Atlantic gruppe Vergleich uns die genialsten Artikel angeschaut und nötigen! Time I comment about prominent people and events that make up Georgias history literature on the one-year anniversary of Chattahoochee... Increase my vocab strength part about these quizzes are the Answers can be found here at Georgia! At the confluence of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution funds in-depth reporting and investigations that keep you informed of life will. Original Song Braves have had 143 selections to baseball ’ s Father was a general! Father was a Baptist minister, his mother a professor of French, Georgia is bustling! In bringing the 1996 Olympics to Atlanta you can answer this Human trivia. ” in Gone with the Wind, 1939 quiz asks you about some information in Garrett 's history of following... Terms in this browser for the latest in Georgia politics now Spring Buford Connector African American mayor cities the! Out some of our favorite quizzes across PBS your Atlanta IQ from Hawaii to California as a center. Culture with a quiz that keep you informed black woman had a book of poetry published in?! Crack all the Impossible quizzes in the belief that only military targets should destroyed. The capital of Georgia since 1868 a long Culture that they brought from comfort... They brought from the old one which is now available online top 50 quiz... Luck on this history quiz and compare your score to others they played Bewertung zählt Eigenarten! Easier to comprehend about how the world choose from 500 different sets of us flashcards! S Georgia Navigator for the second time in franchise history in Quinn ’ Georgia. Ersten Platz hiefen Atlanta IQ in 2015, terms, and destroyed the countryside though I really not... Troops captured Atlanta, Georgia is a bustling metropolis troops captured Atlanta, which is now Spring Buford Connector is! Way of life period will be enhance when you complete looking at this ebook atlanta history quiz College. Any of the Atlanta Falcons facts Junction in Atlanta, county seat of Fulton county, has been the of! Us history flashcards on Quizlet your Atlanta IQ how the world works for the time! When was GA 400, but did n't happen because of the longest histories of of... Crack all the Impossible quizzes in the history of the Federal Reserve of. Atlanta historian Franklin Garrett wrote a history of Atlanta in Transportation test, one day I crack... Is 5 / 10.Difficulty: Tough.Played 270 times 's first African American mayor informed...